Document Detail


Water-borne cryptosporidiosis: detection methods and treatment options.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9554076     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Since the infamous outbreak in Milwaukee, WI, USA, of water-borne cryptosporidiosis affecting over 400,000 people, there have been at least 20 smaller outbreaks associated with this parasite in the UK and North America. These events have led to an explosion of interest in and research on the nature of cryptosporidiosis as a dangerous water-borne pathogen, particularly patients with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). In addition, several major environmental laws and proposed regulations specifically address the control of this parasite. The possible ramifications of these laws include billions of dollars of modifications to water-treatment facilities in the USA. Unfortunately, the methods used to gather the information on which these laws are based have serious deficiencies that could lead to gross underestimation of the magnitude of this problem. The present review considers gaps in our understanding of water-borne cryptosporidiosis, new methods under investigation that could improve our ability to monitor water for the presence of this organism, and treatment and control strategies to limit the threat to our water supplies.
Authors:
C R Fricker; J H Crabb
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in parasitology     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0065-308X     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv. Parasitol.     Publication Date:  1998  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-05-20     Completed Date:  1998-05-20     Revised Date:  2006-05-26    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370435     Medline TA:  Adv Parasitol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  241-78     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Affiliation:
Thames Water Utilities, Reading, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cryptosporidiosis / diagnosis,  epidemiology,  etiology*,  prevention & control
Cryptosporidium / isolation & purification*
Disease Outbreaks
Great Britain
Humans
United States
Water / parasitology
Water Microbiology*
Water Purification / legislation & jurisprudence,  standards
Water Supply / legislation & jurisprudence,  standards
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
7732-18-5/Water

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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