Document Detail


Wastewater modification processes assessment in a stabilization reservoir.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18441430     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A semi-empirical mechanistic model able to simulate the dynamics of a stabilization reservoir was developed incorporating both settling of particulate components and chemical/biological processes. Several factors affecting the reservoir effluent quality were taken into account: hydraulics and hydrology, solar radiation, atmospheric reaeration, algae, zooplankton, organic matter, pathogen bacteria, and sediment-water interaction. The model quantifies the specific influence of each factor on effluent quality, evaluating the correlation between the different considered factors. State variables included in the model were: algae, dissolved oxygen, organic matter, zooplankton and indicator bacteria.The model was transferred into a computational code in order to provide a useful and versatile tool for water resource planning management issues. The model was verified by comparing simulated results with full-scale data collected from a small reservoir (Sicily, IT) filled with partially treated wastewater. The reservoir has a volume of 11,000 m(3), a maximum depth of 6.3 m and a mean depth of about 5 m. The monitoring period lasted four months during which the reservoir operated in different hydraulics conditions: as a standard batch reactor and as a continuous flow reactor. The model was able to reproduce the behaviour of the principal simulated parameters thus representing a potential tool for the management and performance optimization of these peculiar storage/treatment systems.
Authors:
G Mannina; M Torregrossa; G Viviani; G Mancini
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research     Volume:  57     ISSN:  0273-1223     ISO Abbreviation:  Water Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2008  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-28     Completed Date:  2008-09-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9879497     Medline TA:  Water Sci Technol     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1037-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright IWA Publishing 2008.
Affiliation:
Dipartimento di Ingegneria Idraulica ed Applicazioni Ambientali, Università di Palermo, Viale delle Scienze, 90128 Palermo, Italy. mannina@idra.unipa.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Computer Simulation
Models, Chemical
Time Factors
Waste Disposal, Fluid / methods*
Water Pollutants, Chemical / analysis*,  metabolism
Zooplankton / metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Water Pollutants, Chemical

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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