Document Detail

Warm tub bath after spontaneous rupture of the membranes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1388433     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Increasing numbers of pregnant women take a warm bath during labor. Yet few evaluations have addressed benefits claimed and possible risks of this practice. Using retrospective data from a continuing trial at a birth center in Stockholm, we compared 89 women who took a warm bath after spontaneous rupture of the membranes at term with 89 women who had the same interval from spontaneous membrane rupture to delivery and who did not bathe. No statistical difference was observed between the groups with respect to infections, asphyxia or respiratory problems in the newborn infant, or maternal signs of amnionitis. However, a tendency toward more complications was observed in the bathing group. Babies born more than 24 hours after rupture of membranes had significantly lower Apgar scores at 5 minutes in the bathing group than in the control group. As a result of our review of the sparse literature on this practice and the data from this study, we have modified the bathing policy at the birth center from a rather enthusiastic to a more cautious approach. Recommendations about the use of a warm bath in labor will require further investigation, such as randomized trials with large numbers of subjects.
U Waldenström; C A Nilsson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Birth (Berkeley, Calif.)     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0730-7659     ISO Abbreviation:  Birth     Publication Date:  1992 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-10-29     Completed Date:  1992-10-29     Revised Date:  2005-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8302042     Medline TA:  Birth     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  57-63     Citation Subset:  N    
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MeSH Terms
Apgar Score
Baths / adverse effects,  standards*
Labor Stage, First*
Maternal-Child Nursing / standards*
Nursing Evaluation Research
Obstetric Labor Complications / epidemiology*,  etiology,  nursing
Retrospective Studies
Sweden / epidemiology

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