Document Detail

WV Birth Score: maternal smoking and drugs of abuse.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21932748     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The WV Birth Score began in 1984 and was revised in 2007. One part of the form is a score which predicts the top 18% of infants at risk for death in the first year of life. The other components collect information regarding the health of mothers and their infants. Data from the WV Birth Score between 2001 and 2009 reveal that the average smoking rate among mothers was 28.5%. The average maternal tobacco use rate among High Score infants (53.7%) is significantly higher than the average rate among mothers of Low Score infants (23.6%) (p < .0001). Infants born to women who smoked during pregnancy in 2007 weighed 250 grams less than infants of non-smoking women (p < 0.0001). A question on drug exposures during pregnancy reveals that marijuana is the most commonly reported drug on the Birth Score form. Only 5% of the mothers reported using at least one substance during their pregnancy. Smoking rates during pregnancy in WV are among the highest in the nation and lead to higher mortality rates in the infant born to mothers who smoke. Programs to impact smoking and other maternal health issues should be a priority in WV.
Martha D Mullett; Christine M Britton; Collin John; Candice W Hamilton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The West Virginia medical journal     Volume:  106     ISSN:  0043-3284     ISO Abbreviation:  W V Med J     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0413777     Medline TA:  W V Med J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  16-8, 20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, West Virginia University, USA.
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