Document Detail

The WHO multicentre trial of the vasopressor effects of combined oral contraceptives: 1. Comparisons with IUD. Task Force on Oral Contraceptives. WHO Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2503294     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Changes in blood pressure were measured at three-monthly intervals over one year in a prospective study of 704 women using an oral contraceptive (OC) containing levonorgestrel 250 ug with ethinyl estradiol 50 ug and 703 women using an intrauterine device (IUD). The study was conducted in 11 centres in seven developing and three developed countries. Women using OC developed systolic blood pressures which were 3.6-5.0 mmHg higher than those using IUDs; their diastolic pressures became 1.9-2.7 mm higher. The OC-induced change was not affected by climate, age, a family history of hypertension, stroke or heart disease or by a history of hypertension in pregnancy. The life-table rate of hypertension (BP 140/90 or more) in the first year of OC treatment was 0.6 +/- 0.4 in the developing countries and 1.1 +/- 0.8 in the developed ones, per 100 woman-years of use. The vasopressor response to OC varied widely between centres but was not obviously related to the economic development of the country.
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Contraception     Volume:  40     ISSN:  0010-7824     ISO Abbreviation:  Contraception     Publication Date:  1989 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1989-09-19     Completed Date:  1989-09-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0234361     Medline TA:  Contraception     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-45     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure / drug effects*
Contraceptives, Oral, Combined / adverse effects*
Ethinyl Estradiol / adverse effects*
Hypertension / etiology
Intrauterine Devices
Multicenter Studies as Topic
Norgestrel / adverse effects*
Prospective Studies
Random Allocation
Time Factors
World Health Organization
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Contraceptives, Oral, Combined; 57-63-6/Ethinyl Estradiol; 6533-00-2/Norgestrel; 797-63-7/Levonorgestrel

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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