Document Detail


Vulnerability assessment of New Jersey's food supply to invasive species: the New Jersey IMPORT project.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17145643     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The United States' environment and economy have been severely impacted by unintentionally introduced biological organisms for the last 100 years. Our ecosystems and biological reserves of conservation importance are regularly invaded by non-indigenous species. To help prevent future invaders from entering the ports, this project undertaken at the Port of Elizabeth proposed to: 1. Catalog the different vegetable and fruit crops entering this country; 2. Evaluate the potential risk to New Jersey crops that an introduced exotic pest might pose; and 3. Evaluate the potential that imported crops entering the U.S. have for harboring exotic pests. The New Jersey IMPORT report, or Invasive Management Promoting Open and Responsible Trade project, details a newly designed ecological risk assessment tool to evaluate entry potential of invasive pests at the Port of Elizabeth. Risk designations were assigned to shipments of four fruits; seven vegetables; and two field/forage crops based on: i) Country of origin; ii) Amounts of commodities imported; and iii) Endemic pests present in exporting countries. Between 5,000 and 180,000 tons of crops were imported into the Port of Elizabeth from October 2001 to 2003. Pest risk analyses were drafted for twenty-five intercepted insects taken from the Port Information Network. In addition, eighteen pest risk analyses were drafted for invasive fungi, bacteria, and viruses of global concern as alerted by ProMed Digest. It was concluded that three crops imported remain at high risk: apples, peppers, and tomatoes. Peaches, soybeans, lettuce, sweet corn, potatoes, squash, and eggplant imported were considered moderate risk. Blueberries, cranberries, and alfalfa were considered low risk.
Authors:
Petros Gregory; George Hamilton; Marija Borjan; Mark Robson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  New solutions : a journal of environmental and occupational health policy : NS     Volume:  16     ISSN:  1048-2911     ISO Abbreviation:  New Solut     Publication Date:  2006  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-05     Completed Date:  2007-03-06     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100937     Medline TA:  New Solut     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  289-99     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
New Jersey Agricultural Experiment Station, NJ 08901, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Commerce / economics*
Crops, Agricultural
Food Contamination / economics*
Food Microbiology
Food Supply / economics*
Humans
Insect Control / economics
Internationality*
New Jersey
Pest Control / economics*
Risk Assessment
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
ES05022/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; ES07148/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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