Document Detail

Voucher-based incentives for cigarette smoking reduction in a women's residential treatment program.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15804683     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Participants were women (N = 16) living with their children in a residential substance abuse treatment facility. In this within-subjects repeated measures study, a 1-week baseline was followed by a 4-week intervention and a 2-week follow-up (same as the baseline). The intervention consisted of exposure to an educational video and a smoking cessation workbook, brief individual support meetings, and an escalating schedule of voucher-based reinforcement of abstinence. Throughout the study, three daily breath samples (8 a.m., noon, and 4 p.m.) were collected Monday through Friday to determine carbon monoxide (CO) concentration. In addition, urine cotinine (COT) was assessed on Monday mornings to monitor weekend tobacco use. Participants received vouchers of escalating value for CO-negative breath and COT-negative urine samples. Positive samples reset the voucher value. Significantly more negative tests were submitted during the intervention than during baseline and follow-up. The intensive behavioral intervention evaluated in this study produced a substantial reduction in cigarette smoking, and 25% of participants remained abstinent 2 weeks after the intervention was suspended. Nevertheless, the percentage of CO-negative samples submitted during the follow-up returned to baseline levels. While retaining many real-world characteristics, residential treatment facilities provide important opportunities for smoking cessation treatment and research.
Elias Robles; Cynthia C Crone; Leanne Whiteside-Mansell; Nicola A Conners; Patti A Bokony; Linda L M Worley; Donald E McMillan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1462-2203     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2005 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-04     Completed Date:  2005-07-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  111-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Breath Tests
Carbon Monoxide / analysis
Residential Treatment
Smoking / economics*,  therapy*
Smoking Cessation / economics*,  methods*
Substance Abuse Treatment Centers*
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Women's Health / economics
Reg. No./Substance:
630-08-0/Carbon Monoxide

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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