Document Detail


Voluntary running, skeletal muscle gene expression, and signaling inversely regulated by orchidectomy and testosterone replacement.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21045173     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Declines in skeletal muscle size and strength, often seen with chronic wasting diseases, prolonged or high-dose glucocorticoid therapy, and the natural aging process in mammals, are usually associated with reduced physical activity and testosterone levels. However, it is not clear whether the decline in testosterone and activity are causally related. Using a mouse model, we found that removal of endogenous testosterone by orchidectomy results in an almost complete cessation in voluntary wheel running but only a small decline in muscle mass. Testosterone replacement restored running behavior and muscle mass to normal levels. Orchidectomy also suppressed the IGF-I/Akt pathway, activated the atrophy-inducing E3 ligases MuRF1 and MAFBx, and suppressed several energy metabolism pathways, and all of these effects were reversed by testosterone replacement. The study also delineated a distinct, previously unidentified set of genes that is inversely regulated by orchidectomy and testosterone treatment. These data demonstrate the necessity of testosterone for both speed and endurance of voluntary wheel running in mice and suggest a potential mechanism for declined activity in humans where androgens are deficient.
Authors:
Chikwendu Ibebunjo; John K Eash; Christine Li; Qicheng Ma; David J Glass
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  300     ISSN:  1522-1555     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901226     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E327-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, 100 Technology Square, Rm. 4210, Cambridge, MA 02139. david.glass@novartis.com.
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