Document Detail


Voluntary blood donor recruitment: a strategy to reduce transmission of HIV-1, hepatitis-B and syphilis in Kinshasa, Zaïre.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2210866     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
We evaluated the use of voluntary blood donor recruitment in Kinshasa, Zaïre, as a means of reducing transmission of HIV-1 and other infectious agents by blood transfusion. Between January 1, 1989, and April 7, 1989, 2,237 blood donors were enrolled in the study at the transfusion centre of the Mama Yemo Hospital. Each donor was tested for antibodies to HIV-1 confirmed by IFA and Western blot, Treponema pallidum, antibodies to hepatitis B virus (HBV) core antigen and screened for the presence of the HBV surface antigen. Test results were related to the data of the blood donors: age, sex, haematocrit, voluntary blood donor, family member donor, paid donor. The serological results of all donors for Anti-HIV-1. Anti-HBc, HBsAg and TPHA were 4.8%, 70.9%, 13.1% and 13.3% respectively. Lower seroprevalence rates were found among voluntary blood donors. However, only TPHA seroprevalence was significantly lower in voluntary blood donors (8.4%, 23/275) compared with paid donors (15.2%, 87/571) (p less than 0.01). A greater proportion of voluntary donors provides a store of blood which allows more extensive screening of blood for HIV-1 and other infectious diseases. Voluntary blood donor recruitment is critical for the provision of safe blood supplies in Kinshasa.
Authors:
H Jäger; K Nseka; B Goussard; C M Kabeya; G Rauhaus; G Peyerl; J J Salaun; T Rehle; R Korte
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infusionstherapie (Basel, Switzerland)     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1011-6966     ISO Abbreviation:  Infusionstherapie     Publication Date:  1990 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-11-21     Completed Date:  1990-11-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9001943     Medline TA:  Infusionstherapie     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  224-6     Citation Subset:  IM; X    
Affiliation:
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH, Eschborn, FRG.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control
Adult
Blood Donors / supply & distribution*
Blood Transfusion / adverse effects
Cross Infection / prevention & control*,  transmission
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Family*
Fees and Charges*
Female
Hepatitis B / prevention & control
Humans
Male
Syphilis / prevention & control
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Infusionstherapie 1990 Oct;17(5):285

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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