Document Detail


Voice initiation and termination times in stuttering and nonstuttering children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7442195     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The times needed to initiate and terminate voicing in response to series of short segments of 1000 Hz pure-tone auditory signal were studied for stuttering and nonstuttering children. The effects of random reward and nonreward on the phonatory response time also were studied. The experimental group consisted of 20 children, 11 of whom had other speech and/or language problems in addition to stuttering and nine whose only communication disorder was stuttering. The control group consisted of 20 normal-speaking children balanced with the stuttering group for sex and age. Children with speech and/or language problems in addition to stuttering were found to have significantly slower voice initiation and termination times than the normal-speaking children. The children with stuttering as the only speech and/or language problem generally did not differ significantly from the normal-speaking children in phonation times. The data suggest that whereas older stuttering children have longer phonation times than do nonstuttering children, younger stuttering children do not. Voicing times for responses following nonrewarded responses tended to be shorter than those for responses following rewarded responses for both groups.
Authors:
W L Cullinan; M T Springer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of speech and hearing research     Volume:  23     ISSN:  0022-4685     ISO Abbreviation:  J Speech Hear Res     Publication Date:  1980 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1981-02-26     Completed Date:  1981-02-26     Revised Date:  2014-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376336     Medline TA:  J Speech Hear Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  344-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Acoustic Stimulation
Child
Humans
Language Disorders / complications
Reward
Speech Disorders / complications
Stuttering / complications,  physiopathology*
Voice*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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