Document Detail


Voice and laryngeal configuration of men with unilateral vocal fold paralysis before and after medialization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20951549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To describe the laryngeal configuration and the voice of male patients diagnosed with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) before and after medialization.
METHODS: A retrospective study involving the collection of data from medical records of 142 patients diagnosed with UVFP from January 2003 to April 2009, submitted to auditory-perceptual assessment of voices and visual perception of laryngeal images before and after medialization.
RESULTS: The study included data from 24 male patients, with an average of 60.7 years, who underwent three surgical medialization techniques (injection of hyaluronic acid, type I thyroplasty, and injection of Teflon). Before treatment, the position of the paralyzed vocal fold was seen to have a significant influence to the passing of the healthy vocal fold beyond the midline and on the overall degree of dysphonia. After treatment, the complete glottic closure; the free margin of the linear vocal fold; paralyzed vocal fold in the median position, reduction of hoarseness, roughness and breathiness (more frequently mild), and asthenia (more frequently normal and mild); tension and instability (more frequency normal); and a decrease in the overall degree of dysphonia were found to be significant.
CONCLUSION: The position of the paralyzed vocal fold influences the position of the healthy vocal fold in relation to the midline and the overall degree of dysphonia. All three treatments improved the glottic configuration and the voice of patients with UVFP.
Authors:
Karine Schwarz; Carla Aparecida Cielo; Nédio Steffen; Jéfferson Becker; Geraldo Pereira Jotz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-10-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of voice : official journal of the Voice Foundation     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1873-4588     ISO Abbreviation:  J Voice     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-05     Completed Date:  2012-01-05     Revised Date:  2013-05-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8712262     Medline TA:  J Voice     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  611-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 The Voice Foundation. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Morphological Sciences, Neuroscience Program, Institute of Basic Health Sciences, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. fonoka@hotmail.com
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Dysphonia / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  surgery
Hoarseness / diagnosis,  physiopathology,  surgery
Humans
Laryngoplasty*
Male
Middle Aged
Postoperative Care
Preoperative Care
Retrospective Studies
Treatment Outcome
Vocal Cord Paralysis / diagnosis,  physiopathology*,  surgery*
Vocal Cords / physiology*,  surgery*
Voice / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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