Document Detail

Vitrification and xenografting of human ovarian tissue.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22883570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficiency of two vitrification protocols to cryopreserve human preantral follicles with the use of a xenografting model. DESIGN: Pilot study. SETTING: Gynecology research unit in a university hospital. PATIENT(S): Ovarian biopsies were obtained from seven women aged 30-41 years. INTERVENTION(S): Ovarian tissue fragments were subjected to one of three cryopreservation protocols (slow freezing, vitrification protocol 1, and vitrification protocol 2) and xenografted for 1 week to nude mice. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The number of morphologically normal follicles after cryopreservation and grafting and fibrotic surface area were determined by histologic analysis. Apoptosis was assessed by the TUNEL method. Morphometric analysis of TUNEL-positive surface area also was performed. Follicle proliferation was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. RESULT(S): After xenografting, a difference was observed between the cryopreservation procedures applied. According to TUNEL analysis, both vitrification protocols showed better preservation of preantral follicles than the conventional freezing method. Moreover, histologic evaluation showed a significantly higher proportion of primordial follicles in vitrified (protocol 2)-warmed ovarian tissue than in frozen-thawed tissue. The proportion of growing follicles and fibrotic surface area was similar in all groups. CONCLUSION(S): Vitrification procedures appeared to preserve not only the morphology and survival of preantral follicles after 1 week of xenografting, but also their ability to resume folliculogenesis. In addition, vitrification protocol 2 had a positive impact on the quiescent state of primordial follicles after xenografting.
Christiani Andrade Amorim; Marie-Madeleine Dolmans; Anu David; Jonathan Jaeger; Julie Vanacker; Alessandra Camboni; Jacques Donnez; Anne Van Langendonckt
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fertility and sterility     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1556-5653     ISO Abbreviation:  Fertil. Steril.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372772     Medline TA:  Fertil Steril     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Pôle de Recherche en Gynécologie, Institut de Recherche Expérimentale et Clinique, Université Catholique de Louvain, Brussels, Belgium.
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