Document Detail

Vitamins and the premature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3327538     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vitamins are organic compounds essential in small amounts for metabolic functions. Since they cannot be synthesized in the body they must be supplied with the diet. While fat-soluble vitamins cross the placenta by single and/or facilitated diffusion the water-soluble vitamins are actively transported with the exception of vitamin C. An adequate supply of fat-soluble vitamins to the fetus seems to be dependent on maternal blood levels during gestation. On the contrary, the transfer of water-soluble vitamins is relatively independent of the levels in maternal blood. Due to their immaturity preterm and low birth weight infants require higher dosages of some vitamins compared to healthy full-term newborns.
M Orzalesi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Biology of the neonate     Volume:  52 Suppl 1     ISSN:  0006-3126     ISO Abbreviation:  Biol. Neonate     Publication Date:  1987  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-05-10     Completed Date:  1988-05-10     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0247551     Medline TA:  Biol Neonate     Country:  SWITZERLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  97-112     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Neonatology and Child Health, University of Sassari Medical School, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
Infant Food / analysis
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature / metabolism*
Milk, Human / analysis
Nutritional Requirements
Vitamins* / adverse effects,  analysis,  metabolism
Reg. No./Substance:

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