Document Detail

Vitamin A and vitamin E content of infant formulas produced in the United States.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  4019376     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vitamin A (vitamin A palmitate) and vitamin E (alpha-tocopheryl acetate) levels were determined in 77 samples of fortified infant formulas manufactured by 4 firms in the United States from 1981 to 1983 and were compared by formulation base (soy, milk) and manufacturing firm. For vitamin A and vitamin E, the mean values (IU/100 kcal) were 454 +/- 95 (range 248-614) and 2.0 +/- 0.7 (range 1.1-5.0), respectively. No significant differences (alpha = 0.05) were found in levels (IU/100 kcal) of vitamin A and vitamin E between milk- and soy-based formulas. When the mean vitamin A and vitamin E levels of formulas produced by the various firms were compared on an IU/100 kcal or percent of label declaration basis, significant differences (alpha = 0.05) were found among firms. Mean vitamin A levels for the various products compared to label declarations ranged from 126% of declared for the ready-to-use formulas to 139% of declared for the powders. Mean vitamin E levels ranged from 97% of declared for ready-to-use formulas to 118% of declared for concentrates. Except for one sample that contained 248 IU vitamin A/100 kcal, the formulas met the requirements of the 1980 Infant Formula Act.
W O Landen; D M Hines; T W Hamill; J I Martin; E R Young; R R Eitenmiller; A G Soliman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal - Association of Official Analytical Chemists     Volume:  68     ISSN:  0004-5756     ISO Abbreviation:  J Assoc Off Anal Chem     Publication Date:    1985 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-09-04     Completed Date:  1985-09-04     Revised Date:  2001-03-23    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7505559     Medline TA:  J Assoc Off Anal Chem     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  509-11     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Chromatography, Liquid
Infant Food / analysis*
United States
Vitamin A / analysis*
Vitamin E / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 1406-18-4/Vitamin E

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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