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Vitamin d deficiency, coronary artery disease, and endothelial dysfunction: observations from a coronary angiographic study in Indian patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22865308     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND AND METHODS: Vitamin D deficiency has been linked to an increased risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) and cardiovascular (CV) death. Endothelial dysfunction plays an important role in pathogenesis of CAD and vitamin D deficiency is postulated to promote endothelial dysfunction. Despite rising trends of CAD in Asians, only limited data are available on the relationship between vitamin D, CAD, and endothelial dysfunction.
RESULTS: In a study of 100 patients undergoing coronary angiography, mean 25(OH)D level was 14.8 ± 9.1 ng/mL; vitamin D deficiency was present in 80% and only 7% had optimal 25(OH)D levels. Nearly one-third (36%) were severely deficient, with 25(OH)D levels <10 ng/mL. Those with vitamin D deficiency had significantly higher prevalence of double- or triple-vessel CAD (53% vs 38%), diffuse CAD (56% vs 34%), and higher number of coronary vessels involved as compared to those with higher 25(OH)D levels. Those with lower 25(OH)D levels had significantly lower brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD; 4.57% vs 10.68%: P<.001) and significantly higher prevalence of impaired FMD (values <4.5%; 50.6% vs 7%; P<.002). A graded relationship between 25(OH)D levels and FMD was observed; impaired FMD was noted in 62.2%, 38.6%, and 13.3% in those with 25(OH)D levels <10 ng/mL, 10-20 ng/mL, and >20 ng/mL, respectively.
CONCLUSION: Indian patients with angiographically documented CAD frequently have vitamin D deficiency. Patients with lower 25(OH)D levels had higher prevalence of double- or triple-vessel CAD and diffuse CAD. Endothelial dysfunction as assessed by brachial artery FMD was also more frequently observed in those with low 25(OH)D levels.
Authors:
Sanjeev Kumar Syal; Aditya Kapoor; Eesh Bhatia; Archana Sinha; Sudeep Kumar; Satyendra Tewari; Naveen Garg; Pravin K Goel
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of invasive cardiology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1557-2501     ISO Abbreviation:  J Invasive Cardiol     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8917477     Medline TA:  J Invasive Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  385-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Luck now 226014, India. akapoor65@gmail.com.
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