Document Detail

Vitamin A and E content in dairy products: their contribution to the recommended dietary allowances (RDA) for elderly people.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11813084     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To determine the vitamin A, E and individual carotenoid content in dairy products and to assess their potential contribution to Recommended Dietary Intakes in elderly persons. METHODS: Dairy products frequently consumed were analyzed: whole, semi-skimmed and skimmed milk, vitamin-fortified milk, dry powder milk, yoghourt, cream, smelted and grated cheese, custard, butter, margarine and dairy-based probiotic products. Analysis were performed by HPLC as previously described. Accuracy and precision were assessed using Reference / Certified Materials. RESULTS: Vitamin A occurs as ester forms (mostly retinyl palmitate) whereas vitamin E is present as free form (mainly a-tocopherol). In supplemmented / fortified products they are added as ester forms, namely retinyl and tocopheryl acetate, respectively. b-carotene was the only carotenoid quantifiable in most products. Based on recommended intakes for dairy products in Spain, the consumption of three standard portions / day provide about 16% and 3% of the RDI for vitamin A (1000 ug/d) and E (15 mg/d), respectively. The same consumption but using fortified/ supplemented milk and yoghourt, may increase the contribution up to 39% (vitamin A) and 24% (vitamin E) of the RDI for elderly subjects. CONCLUSION: The inclusion of fortified dairy products in the diet may be a practical, sustainable and cost-effective approach for improving vitamin intake and status in the elderly.
C Herrero; F Granado; I Blanco; B Olmedilla
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journal of nutrition, health & aging     Volume:  6     ISSN:  1279-7707     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Health Aging     Publication Date:  2002  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-01-28     Completed Date:  2002-05-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100893366     Medline TA:  J Nutr Health Aging     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  57-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Unidad de Vitaminas, Clinica Puerta de Hierro, C/ San Martin de Porres, 4. Madrid 28035, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Antioxidants / analysis
Biological Availability
Carotenoids / analysis
Dairy Products / analysis*
Food, Fortified / analysis
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Requirements
Vitamin A / analysis*
Vitamin E / analysis*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antioxidants; 11103-57-4/Vitamin A; 1406-18-4/Vitamin E; 36-88-4/Carotenoids

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