Document Detail


Vitamin E composition of walnuts (Juglans regia L.): a 3-year comparative study of different cultivars.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15969535     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The tocopherol and tocotrienol composition of walnuts (Juglans regia L.) was determined for nine cultivars (cvs. Arco, Franquette, Hartley, Lara, Marbot, Mayette, Mellanaise, Parisienne, and Rego). Walnuts were harvested over three consecutive years from two different geographical origins (Bragança and Coimbra, Portugal), for a total of 26 samples. The methodology employed was a normal-phase high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to a series arrangement of a diode array detector followed by a fluorescence detector, allowing the simultaneous analysis of all tocopherols and tocotrienols. The analyses showed that all samples presented a similar qualitative profile composed of five compounds: alpha-tocopherol, beta-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, delta-tocopherol, and gamma-tocotrienol. gamma-Tocopherol was the major compound in all samples, ranging from 172.6 to 262.0 mg/kg, followed by alpha- and delta-tocopherols, ranging from 8.7 to 16.6 mg/kg and from 8.2 to 16.9 mg/kg, respectively. Multivariate analysis of the data obtained showed the existence of significant differences in composition among cultivars. These differences were also significant when cultivars were grouped by year of production, showing that besides genetic factors, the vitamin E composition was influenced by environmental factors.
Authors:
Joana S Amaral; M Rui Alves; Rosa M Seabra; Beatriz P P Oliveira
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of agricultural and food chemistry     Volume:  53     ISSN:  0021-8561     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Agric. Food Chem.     Publication Date:  2005 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-06-22     Completed Date:  2005-08-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0374755     Medline TA:  J Agric Food Chem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  5467-72     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
REQUIMTE, Serviços de Farmacognosia and Bromatologia, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade do Porto, Portugal.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Juglans / chemistry*
Seeds / chemistry*
Species Specificity
Tocopherols / analysis
Tocotrienols / analysis
Vitamin E / analysis*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Tocotrienols; 1406-18-4/Vitamin E; 1406-66-2/Tocopherols

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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