Document Detail

Vitamin D supplementation is associated with higher serum 25OHD in Asian and White infants living in Vancouver, Canada.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23061469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
To prevent rickets, the Health Canada and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommend that breastfed infants receive a daily vitamin D supplement of 10 μg d(-1) . Compliance with this recommendation is variable and its effect on infant vitamin D status is unclear. We measured serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) in Asian immigrant (n = 28) and White (n = 37) mothers and their infants aged 2-4 months living in Vancouver (49°N). Mothers completed health and demographic questionnaires. All subjects were term infants who were primarily breastfed. Analysis of variance, χ(2) , multiple regression and logistic regression analysis were performed as appropriate. Mean 25OHD of the infants was 31 (95% confidence interval 28-34) ng mL(-1) . Only two infants had a 25OHD concentration indicative of deficiency, <10 ng mL(-1) . Of the infants, 14% (n = 9) and 49% (n = 32) were vitamin D insufficient based on two commonly used cut-offs of 20 and 30 ng mL(-1) , respectively. Fifty-eight (89%) infants had been given a vitamin D supplement. Mean 25OHD was 9.4 ng mL(-1) higher in infants consuming ≥10 μg d(-1) of vitamin D from supplements vs. those consuming less (P = 0.003). Mother's 25OHD, season, skin colour or ethnicity (Asian vs. White) did not influence infant 25OHD. The infants in our study, most of whom received vitamin D supplements, were generally protected against low 25OHD. The study was limited by sample size and the nature of the cross-sectional study design.
Tim J Green; Wangyang Li; Susan I Barr; Mitra Jahani; Gwen E Chapman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Maternal & child nutrition     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1740-8709     ISO Abbreviation:  Matern Child Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101201025     Medline TA:  Matern Child Nutr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
Food, Nutrition and Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
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