Document Detail

Vitamin D supplementation of Canadian infants: practices of Montreal mothers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20555374     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Health policy in North America advocates that all breastfed infants receive a vitamin D supplement of 400 IU per day for the primary prevention of rickets. Despite this recommendation, rickets still occurs in Canada. It is not known whether vitamin D deficiency in the Canadian population is solely attributable to inadequacies in vitamin supplementation. Thus, the evaluation of current practices, including awareness and compliance with recommendations, is clearly needed. The objective of this study was to describe the vitamin D supplementation practices of mothers of newborns living in the Montreal area. This was a cross-sectional telephone survey of 343 mothers delivering a healthy term infant from December 2007 to May 2008 at the Royal Victoria Hospital (Montreal, Que.). Ninety percent of all mothers breastfed their infants during the first 6 months; 53% did so exclusively. Of mothers exclusively breastfeeding, 74% reported meeting the Health Canada recommendation. The main reason for not adhering to the recommendation was the assumption by mothers who began to feed fortified formula (400 IU.L-1) that supplementation was no longer necessary. Fifty percent of infants receiving mixed feedings without supplementation prior to 6 months did not achieve the recommended intake. Receiving advice about supplementation and the higher education of mothers were significant positive determinants of supplementation practices. This work identified infants consuming mixed feedings and those consuming only formula in the first 6 months as groups at high risk for not meeting the recommended 400 of vitamin D. Therefore there may still be gaps in knowledge regarding vitamin D supplementation.
Sina Gallo; Sonia Jean-Philippe; Celia Rodd; Hope A Weiler
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied physiology, nutrition, and metabolism = Physiologie appliquée, nutrition et métabolisme     Volume:  35     ISSN:  1715-5312     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Publication Date:  2010 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-17     Completed Date:  2010-08-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101264333     Medline TA:  Appl Physiol Nutr Metab     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  303-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Dietetics and Human Nutrition, McGill University, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, QC H9X 3V9, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding*
Chi-Square Distribution
Cross-Sectional Studies
Dietary Supplements*
Educational Status
Health Care Surveys
Health Education
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Infant Formula*
Infant Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Infant, Newborn
Maternal Behavior*
Medication Adherence
Nutrition Policy
Rickets / etiology,  physiopathology,  prevention & control
Time Factors
Vitamin D / administration & dosage*
Vitamin D Deficiency / complications,  physiopathology,  prevention & control*
Reg. No./Substance:
1406-16-2/Vitamin D

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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