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Vitamin D status and mortality in chronic kidney disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21378153     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency is found in the majority of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may contribute to various chronic diseases. Current guidelines suggest correcting reduced 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations in CKD patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73m(2). Whether low 25(OH)D levels in these patients are associated with higher mortality is unclear. This issue was addressed in the present work. METHODS: We examined 444 patients with eGFR <60 mL/min/1.73m(2) from the Ludwigshafen Risk and Cardiovascular Health Study. This prospective cohort study includes Caucasian patients without primary kidney disease who were routinely referred to coronary angiography at baseline (1997-2000). RESULTS: During a median follow-up time of 9.4 years, 227 patients died including 159 deaths from cardiovascular causes. Multivariate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) (with 95% confidence intervals) in severely vitamin D-deficient [25(OH)D <10 ng/mL] compared to vitamin D-sufficient patients [25(OH)D ≥30 ng/mL] were 3.79 (1.71-8.43) for all-cause and 5.61 (1.89-16.6) for cardiovascular mortality. Adjusted HRs per 10 ng/mL increase in 25(OH)D levels were 0.63 (0.50-0.79) for all-cause and 0.59 (0.45-0.79) for cardiovascular mortality. There was no significant interaction with parathyroid hormone concentrations. CONCLUSIONS: Low 25(OH)D levels are associated with increased all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in CKD patients. These findings support suggestions to correct vitamin D deficiency, but whether vitamin D supplementation improves survival remains to be proven in randomized controlled trials.
Stefan Pilz; Andreas Tomaschitz; Claudia Friedl; Karin Amrein; Christiane Drechsler; Eberhard Ritz; Bernhard O Boehm; Tanja B Grammer; Winfried März
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2385     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706402     Medline TA:  Nephrol Dial Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.
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