Document Detail

Vitamin D intakes in 18-64-y-old Irish adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15138462     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To estimate vitamin D intakes in a representative sample of Irish adults and to assess the contribution of foods to these intake estimates. DESIGN: Vitamin D intakes in 1379, 18-64-y-old adults from the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey were estimated using a combination of new analytical data for vitamin D in foods, determined by HPLC, and used to revise recipe calculations, together with existing data from McCance and Widdowson's The Composition of Foods, 5th Edition plus supplements. RESULTS: The total mean daily intake (MDI) of vitamin D (1 microg=40 IU) from all sources was 4.2 microg. The MDI was significantly higher (P<0.001) when the contribution from nutritional supplements was included (4.2 microg) compared with food sources only (3.2 microg). Men had significantly higher intakes (4.4 microg) than women (4.0 microg; P<0.001), which increased significantly (P<0.001) with age in both sexes. Meat/meat products (30.1%), fish/fish products (14.3%) and eggs/egg dishes (9.1%) were the main contributors to vitamin D intake. Supplements contributed 6.8 and 12% to MDI in men and women, respectively. In all, 74% of adults had an MDI of vitamin D that was less than the median (5 microg) of the recommended daily range of 0-10 microg. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study suggest that a large number of Irish adults have low vitamin D intakes. This, along with emerging evidence of low vitamin D status in at least some population subgroups, suggests that strategies to increase vitamin D intakes, including fortification of food, should be investigated.
T R Hill; M M O'brien; K D Cashman; A Flynn; M Kiely
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  58     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2004 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-26     Completed Date:  2005-02-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1509-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food and Nutritional Sciences, University College, Cork, Ireland.
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
Diet Surveys
Dietary Supplements
Food Analysis
Middle Aged
Nutrition Policy
Nutritional Requirements
Sex Factors
Vitamin D / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
1406-16-2/Vitamin D

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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