Document Detail

Vitamin D intakes by children and adults in the United States differ among ethnic groups.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16177216     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Concerns about vitamin D status in the United States have resurfaced due to increasing reports of insufficiency and deficiency. Few foods contain vitamin D naturally, and currently few foods are fortified in the United States. Intakes of vitamin D in the United States from food and food plus supplements by age, sex, and race/ethnicity group were estimated. Individuals > or = 1 y old who participated in the 1999-2000 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES 1999-2000) were included in the analysis. Vitamin D intake by non-Hispanic (NH) white, NH black, Mexican American, and all individuals in the United States was estimated and compared with recommended levels. Vitamin D intakes were highest among children and teenagers, and lowest in the oldest age categories. Among children age 1-8 y, adequate intake (AI) levels for vitamin D from food were met or exceeded by 69% of Mexican American, 59% of NH white, and 48% of NH black subpopulations. Among adults > or = 51 y old, only 4% met or exceeded the AI from food alone. Few women 19-50 y old or men and women > or = 51 y old were estimated to consume recommended vitamin D levels from food. Mean dietary intakes of vitamin D from food plus supplements were consistently highest among NH white populations, although only small proportions of all those > or = 51 y old had intakes above the recommended levels. The large discrepancy between vitamin D intake by older individuals from food plus supplements and recommended levels, especially for NH black and Mexican American adults, warrants intervention.
Carolyn E Moore; Mary M Murphy; Michael F Holick
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of nutrition     Volume:  135     ISSN:  0022-3166     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2005 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-09-22     Completed Date:  2006-01-11     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404243     Medline TA:  J Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2478-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
The Beverage Institute for Health & Wellness, The Coca-Cola Company, Houston, TX 77056, USA.
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group / ethnology
Child, Preschool
Dietary Supplements
Ethnic Groups / ethnology*
European Continental Ancestry Group / ethnology
Food Habits / ethnology*
Mexican Americans / ethnology
Middle Aged
Nutrition Surveys
United States / epidemiology
Vitamin D / administration & dosage*
Vitamins / administration & dosage*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Vitamins; 1406-16-2/Vitamin D

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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