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Vitamin D binding protein genotype variants and risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A meta-analysis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25488093     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Genetic susceptibility for development of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is under intensive investigation. Among the three alleles of vitamin D binding protein, or group-specific (GC) components, some have suggested that having GC-1F and GC-2 alleles was associated with a risk of COPD. Although previous studies have shown considerable variance, no meta-analysis has been conducted.
METHODS: Through four databases, two independent investigators searched for case-control studies providing sufficient data to calculate odds ratios by the vitamin D binding protein allele variant and genotype variant for a case of COPD. Studies whose control did not satisfy the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (Chi-square P ≥ 0.05) were excluded. We used a fixed-model to estimate the pooled odds ratio at both allele and genotype level.
RESULTS: Of 141 candidate studies, six were included. We analysed 1712 subjects, consisting of 466 Asians, 1246 Caucasians, 531 COPD cases and 1181 non-COPD controls. The prevalence of each allele among the 1181 controls was as follows: GC-1F 14.0%, GC-1S 53.8% and GC-2 31.9%. When compared to GC-1S, the GC-1F allele and GC-2 allele were associated with COPD risk with pooled odds ratios of 1.44 (95% CI 1.14-1.83, P = 0.002) and 0.83 (95% CI 0.69-0.996, P = 0.045), respectively. When compared to the 1S-1S genotype, the 1F-1F genotype was a risk factor of COPD with pooled odds ratio of 2.64 (95% CI 1.29-5.39, P = 0.008).
CONCLUSION: The GC-1F allele of the vitaminD binding protein was a risk for COPD in recessive mode.
Nobuyuki Horita; Naoki Miyazawa; Koji Tomaru; Miyo Inoue; Yoshiaki Ishigatsubo; Takeshi Kaneko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-9
Journal Detail:
Title:  Respirology (Carlton, Vic.)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1440-1843     ISO Abbreviation:  Respirology     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-9     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9616368     Medline TA:  Respirology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 Asian Pacific Society of Respirology.
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