Document Detail

Vitamin D at term of pregnancy and during lactation in white and black women living in Northern Italy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20502421     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIM: Evaluate the vitamin D serum status in a population of white and black mothers who live in the same geographic area of northern Italy (45 degrees 8' N of latitude) and its correlation with vitamin D serum concentrations of the respective newborns at birth, at 2 and 12 months. METHODS: Twelve white woman-infant pairs and 12 black woman-infant pairs were recruited from January through March 2006. The study population had no pre-existing disease and delivered at term of pregnancy (37-41 weeks of gestational age). Only black infants were given vitamin D supplementation from birth to 1 year of age. RESULTS: Eleven black and 12 white women had low vitamin D serum levels at term of pregnancy. Similarly, black and white newborns were both vitamin D deficient at birth. After 12 months white women re-gained physiological vitamin D serum levels, whereas black women maintained a status of vitamin D deficiency. Black newborns who were given supplementation showed lower vitamin D serum concentrations as compared with white newborns at 1 year of age. CONCLUSION: These data showed that all the women living in the same region of northern Italy without any supplementation are equally vitamin D deficient at term of pregnancy regardless of their skin pigmentation. Consequently, every woman should be supplied with additional vitamin D during pregnancy and lactation, though such supplementation seems to exert the most beneficial effects in black women.
M Gaggero; L Mariani; R Guarino; G Patrucco; G Ballardini; L Boscardini; M Barbaglia; L Bello; A Guala
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Minerva ginecologica     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0026-4784     ISO Abbreviation:  Minerva Ginecol     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-05-26     Completed Date:  2010-09-23     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0400731     Medline TA:  Minerva Ginecol     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  91-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pediatrics, Castelli Hospital, Verbania, Italy.
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MeSH Terms
African Continental Ancestry Group*
European Continental Ancestry Group*
Infant, Newborn
Lactation / blood*
Vitamin D / blood*
Reg. No./Substance:
1406-16-2/Vitamin D

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