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Vitamin D Deficiency among Healthy Infant and Toddler: A Prospective Study from Irbid, Jordan.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21507148     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency among healthy infants and toddlers in Irbid, Jordan as well as its associated factors. Methods: A total of 275 subjects (136 infants and 139 toddlers) age 6-36 months were participated in this study. Information concerning socio-demographic characterastics and early feeding patterns were collected using self-guided questionnaire. Plasma vitamin D, calcium, phosphorous, and alkaline phosphatase activity were measured. Results: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 28% (16.7% for severe vitamin D deficiency and 11.3% for vitamin D deficiency) and vitamin D insufficiency was 28.4%. Plasma calcium and alkaline phosphatase levels showed no correlation with vitamin D status of study population. For both age groups, a significant association was found between vitamin D status and sun exposure (P < 0.001). A significant association between infant feeding practices and vitamin D status was found (P < 0.001). Infants who were exclusively breast-fed had higher risk for vitamin D deficiency and vitamin D insufficiency than who were on bottle- fed. Multivariate logistic regression analyses results showed that being female, low sun exposure, exclusive breastfeeding were the main determents of vitamin D level. Conclusion: the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is considered to be high among northern Jordanian infants and toddlers. Sun exposures less than 30 minutes daily and exclusively breastfeeding are the main factors for developing vitamin D deficiency.
Khalid K Abdul-Razzak; Mohammed-Jafar A Ajlony; Abeer M Khoursheed; Bayan A Obeidat
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics international : official journal of the Japan Pediatric Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1442-200X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100886002     Medline TA:  Pediatr Int     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Pediatrics International © 2011 Japan Pediatric Society.
Department of Clinical Pharmacy Faculty of Pharmacy Jordan University of Science and Technology Email: Princess Rahma Teaching Hospital Department of Paediatrics Email: Department of Clinical Pharmacy Faculty of Pharmacy Jordan University of Science and Technology Email: Department of Nutrition and Food Technology Faculty of Agriculture Jordan University of Science and Technology, Email:
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