Document Detail


Vitamin C Restores Behavioral Deficits and Amyloid-β Oligomerization without Affecting Plaque Formation in a Mouse Model of Alzheimer's Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21558647     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Oxidative stress is related to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) characterized by progressive memory impairment. Soluble amyloid-β (Aβ) oligomers cause cognitive loss and synaptic dysfunction rather than senile plaques in AD. The decline of the antioxidant status is associated with dementia in AD patients, especially low levels of vitamin C. Our group previously reported a relationship between anti-aging and supplementation of vitamin C derivatives. Here we report that vitamin C mitigated Aβ oligomer formation and behavioral decline in an AD mouse model treated with a vitamin C solution for 6 months. The attenuation of Aβ oligomerization was accompanied with a marked decrease in brain oxidative damage and in the ratio of soluble Aβ42 to Aβ40, a typical indicator of AD progression. Furthermore, the intake of vitamin C restored the declined synaptophysin and the phosphorylation of tau at Ser396. On the other hand, brain plaque deposition was not altered by the dietary intake of vitamin C. These results support that vitamin C is a useful functional food for the prevention of AD.
Authors:
Kazuma Murakami; Nakaba Murata; Yusuke Ozawa; Noriaki Kinoshita; Kazuhiro Irie; Takuji Shirasawa; Takahiko Shimizu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-5-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of Alzheimer's disease : JAD     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1875-8908     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-5-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814863     Medline TA:  J Alzheimers Dis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Molecular Gerontology, Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, Japan Division of Food Science and Biotechnology, Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
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