Document Detail

Vital signs: drinking and driving among high school students aged ≥16 years - United States, 1991-2011.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23034588     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although every state prohibits persons aged <21 years from driving with any measurable amount of blood alcohol, many young persons still drink and drive. Additionally, fatal crash data indicate that most teen drivers with positive (>0.00%) blood alcohol concentrations (BACs) who are involved in fatal crashes have BACs ≥0.08%, the level designated as illegal for adult drivers.
METHODS: CDC analyzed data from the 1991-2011 national Youth Risk Behavior Surveys (YRBS) to describe the trend in prevalence of drinking and driving (defined as driving one or more times when they had been drinking alcohol during the 30 days before the survey) among U.S. high school students aged ≥16 years. The 2011 national YRBS data were used to describe selected subgroup differences in drinking and driving, and 2011 state YRBSs data were used to describe drinking and driving prevalence in 41 states.
RESULTS: During 1991-2011, the national prevalence of self-reported drinking and driving among high school students aged ≥16 years declined by 54%, from 22.3% to 10.3%. In 2011, 84.6% of students who drove after drinking also binge drank. Drinking and driving prevalence varied threefold across 41 states, from 4.6% in Utah to 14.5% in North Dakota; higher prevalences were clustered among states in the upper Midwest and along the Gulf Coast.
CONCLUSIONS: Although substantial progress has been made during the past 2 decades to reduce drinking and driving among teens, in 2011, one in 10 students aged ≥16 years reported driving after drinking during the past 30 days. Most students who drove after drinking alcohol also binge drank.
IMPLICATIONS FOR PUBLIC HEALTH PRACTICE: Effective interventions to reduce drinking and driving among teens include enforcement of minimum legal drinking age laws, zero tolerance laws (i.e., no alcohol consumption allowed before driving for persons aged <21 years), and graduated driver licensing systems.
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report     Volume:  61     ISSN:  1545-861X     ISO Abbreviation:  MMWR Morb. Mortal. Wkly. Rep.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-04     Completed Date:  2012-12-04     Revised Date:  2014-07-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7802429     Medline TA:  MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  796-800     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Accidents, Traffic
Adolescent Behavior
Alcohol Drinking / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Automobile Driving / statistics & numerical data*
Binge Drinking / epidemiology*,  prevention & control
Public Policy
Students / statistics & numerical data*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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