Document Detail

Vital exhaustion and anxiety are related to subjective quality of life in patients with acute myocardial infarct before cardiac rehabilitation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25280137     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To examine psychological risk factors and somatic factors in patients after myocardial infarction. To study the relationship between somatic and psychological factors, their influence on subjective quality of life (well-being) and also to examine possible gender differences.
BACKGROUND: There has been a growing body of evidence that psychosocial factors are risk factors for incident and recurrent myocardial infarction.
DESIGN: Descriptive correlational and cross-sectional survey design.
METHODS: In patients (n = 97, 67 men), the level of depression and anxiety, vital exhaustion, sleep disturbances and well-being were assessed. Left ventricular ejection fraction, left ventricular diastolic diameter, body mass index, metabolic equivalents and the number of diseased vessels were retrieved from medical records.
RESULTS: Anxiety, vital exhaustion and sleep disturbances were significantly higher in women than in men. Well-being showed a significant linear correlation with body mass index, anxiety, depression, vital exhaustion and sleep disturbances scores. After adjustment for psychological risk factors and somatic parameters, only vital exhaustion and anxiety correlated significantly with well-being. However, there were gender differences in predictive variables of well-being. Anxiety in men and vital exhaustion in women showed a linear correlation with the subjective quality of life.
CONCLUSION: Our study revealed that only vital exhaustion and anxiety showed a significant correlation with well-being in patients.
RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: During cardiac rehabilitation, it is important to detect and treat not only depression but also vital exhaustion and anxiety, because by reducing these psychological conditions, we can improve well-being.
Beatrix Rafael; Attila Simon; Gergely Drótos; Piroska Balog
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-2-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical nursing     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1365-2702     ISO Abbreviation:  J Clin Nurs     Publication Date:  2014 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-10-3     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-10-4    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9207302     Medline TA:  J Clin Nurs     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  2864-2873     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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