Document Detail

Visual outcome in central retinal and branch retinal artery occlusion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15486774     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
PURPOSE: To study retrospectively the presenting visual acuity and the visual outcome in patients with central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) and in patients with branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO). METHODS: We studied the visual acuity and outcome in 23 patients (23 eyes) with CRAO and in 30 patients (30 eyes) with BRAO that met the inclusion criteria: a funduscopic appearance of retinal whitening, a delay in arterial dye filling in a fluorescein angiogram, the first examination in our hospital within 7 days of onset, and a minimum follow-up period of 90 days. RESULTS: Both presenting acuity and final acuity were far worse in patients with CRAO than in patients with BRAO. A final acuity worse than 0.1 was observed in 14 of the 23 (61%) patients with CRAO and in only 1 of the 30 (3%) patients with BRAO. Only 5 of the 23 (22%) patients with CRAO and 24 of the 30 (80%) patients with BRAO showed a final acuity of 0.5 or better. CONCLUSION: Visual acuity in patients with CRAO is poor at presentation, and the prognosis is generally poor, with a few exceptions. In contrast, the visual acuity in patients with BRAO is far better both at presentation and at the final visit.
Daisuke Yuzurihara; Hiroyuki Iijima
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Japanese journal of ophthalmology     Volume:  48     ISSN:  0021-5155     ISO Abbreviation:  Jpn. J. Ophthalmol.     Publication Date:    2004 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-15     Completed Date:  2004-12-06     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0044652     Medline TA:  Jpn J Ophthalmol     Country:  Japan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  490-2     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi 409-3898, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Aged, 80 and over
Fluorescein Angiography
Middle Aged
Retinal Artery Occlusion / diagnosis,  physiopathology*
Retrospective Studies
Visual Acuity / physiology*

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