Document Detail

Visual interaction in recently admitted and chronic long-stay schizophrenic patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  827321     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Several reports have suggested that schizophrenic patients engage in very little Looking and eye-contact. However, previous work, much of it methodologically unsatisfactory, has been based almost always on the clinical psychiatric interview, with the result that several important questions remain unanswered. In particular, we do not know how schizophrenic patients behave in free conversation, how their behaviour with another patient may differ from their behaviour with a psychiatrically normal partner, nor even whether they show individual consistency across encounters. The first study was designed to examine these questions, by observing recently admitted schizophrenic patients in two free dyadic conversations, one with a schizophrenic partner and one with a psychiatrically normal partner, and comparing them with three control groups: depressive patients; patients suffering from neurotic or personality disorders; and psychiatrically normal chest patients. The second study went on to test whether the early descriptions of gross abnormality may be more appropriate to chronic long-stay patients than to recently admitted patients, and the design consisted of a comparison between the two groups. The first study revealed a quite unexpected pattern of results. Consistently across their two encounters, schizophrenic subjects behaved similarly for the most part to all three control groups, normal and abnormal alike. Moreover, the few differences which did emerge conflicted sharply with previous findings, including the writer's, and were no more marked in patient-patient than patient-normal encounters. The second study revealed no differences between chronic long-stay and recently admitted schizophrenic patients. It is suggested that the differences in findings between the present two studies and previous reports are most likely to be attributable to differences in verbal content: schizophrenic patients show abnormalities of visual interaction when talking about personal matters, but behave quite normally when the topic is not of immediate personal relevance.
D R Rutter
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The British journal of social and clinical psychology     Volume:  15     ISSN:  0007-1293     ISO Abbreviation:  Br J Soc Clin Psychol     Publication Date:  1976 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1977-03-15     Completed Date:  1977-03-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372552     Medline TA:  Br J Soc Clin Psychol     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  295-303     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Chronic Disease
Depression / complications
Eye Movements*
Interpersonal Relations*
Long-Term Care
Neurotic Disorders / complications
Personality Disorders / complications
Schizophrenic Psychology*
Social Behavior
Verbal Behavior

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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