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Visual assessment versus quantitative three-dimensional stereotactic surface projection fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography for detection of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22785496     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: We examined the clinical impact of commercially available quantitation software using 3-dimensional stereotactic surface projection (3D-SSP) on the diagnostic accuracy of F fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (F FDG PET) in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD).
METHODS: Enrollees underwent clinical evaluation to determine cognitive status and subsequent F FDG PET neuroimaging. Four blinded readers (2 novices and 2 experts) rated the images for degree of abnormality and interpretive confidence without and with 3D-SSP. Diagnostic accuracy was determined with area under the curve (area under the curve) of a receiver operating characteristic (receiver operating characteristic) curve analysis and change in confidence with model-based means (LSMeans).
RESULTS: Twenty-three normal controls and 31 patients with cognitive impairment (18 MCI and 13 AD) were enrolled (28 female and 26 male; mean age 74 years). During follow-up (mean 3.6 years), all normal participants remained normal, 12 of 18 participants with MCI progressed to dementia, and all participants with baseline dementia progressed. The area under the curve with 3D-SSP (0.88; 95% CI: 0.76-0.95) was significantly higher than without it (0.72; 95% CI: 0.55-0.83). The specificity increased from 26% to 63% for novices and from 56% to 87% for experts with addition of 3D-SSP, whereas the sensitivity was essentially unchanged at 86% and 86% for the beginners and 81% and 79% for the experts. The interpretive confidence increased significantly from 3.3 to 4.0 (maximum value = 5, P = 0.048).
CONCLUSION: The use of commercially available 3D-SSP quantitation improved diagnostic accuracy for evaluation of MCI and AD with F FDG PET.
Authors:
Vance T Lehman; Rickey E Carter; Daniel O Claassen; Robert C Murphy; Val Lowe; Ronald C Petersen; Patrick J Peller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical nuclear medicine     Volume:  37     ISSN:  1536-0229     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Nucl Med     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7611109     Medline TA:  Clin Nucl Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  721-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
From the *Department of Radiology; †Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN; ‡Department of Neurology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN; and §Department of Neurology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
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