Document Detail

Visual 3Dx: algorithms for quantitative 3-dimensional analysis of ECG signals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19963685     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: The 12-lead ECG is useful for cardiac diagnosis but has limited sensitivity and specificity. To address this, we developed the Visual3Dx, a comprehensive method for describing cardiac electrical activity in time and space. The Visual3Dx transforms the ECG input into a time-variable heart vector, and normalizes each lead input to assure equal representation from all cardiac regions.
METHODS: We compared the Visual3Dx to the standard 12-lead ECG for detection of acute myocardial ischemia (AMI) in 2 clinical models. Model 1 was AMI after 90 s of balloon coronary occlusion in 117 cases. Model 2 was 122 consecutive patients who: (1) presented to an urban emergency department with chest pain; (2) were admitted to coronary care and developed elevated cardiac troponin levels; and (3) had coronary arteriography within 6 hrs.
RESULTS: In Model 1, the 12 lead ECG developed ST segment deviation diagnostic of AMI in 78/117 occlusions (67%), whereas using the same input ECG data, the Visual3Dx was diagnostic of AMI in 105/117 occlusions (90%; p<0.001). In Model 2, the first 12 lead ECG was diagnostic of AMI in 80/122 (66%), whereas the Visual3Dx was diagnostic in 103/122 (84%). In both Models, the largest sensitivity gains were seen in left circumflex and right coronary artery occlusions.
CONCLUSIONS: The Visual3Dx is a promising tool for 3D quantitative analysis of cardiac electrical activity that may improve diagnosis of AMI, especially in electrically remote regions of the heart. Additional studies will define diagnostic specificity and further improve 3D biomarkers of AMI.
Bosko Bojovic; Ljupco Hadzievski; Vladan D Vukcevic; Dorin Panescu; Ihor Gussak; Samuel George; Alexei Shvilkin; Branislav Vajdic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Annual Conference     Volume:  2009     ISSN:  1557-170X     ISO Abbreviation:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Publication Date:  2009  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-12-07     Completed Date:  2010-03-25     Revised Date:  2014-08-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101243413     Medline TA:  Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  6751-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Balloon Occlusion / adverse effects
Coronary Occlusion / complications,  physiopathology
Electrocardiography / instrumentation*
Electrophysiological Phenomena
Myocardial Ischemia / diagnosis,  etiology,  physiopathology
Sensitivity and Specificity

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