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Viscum album versus host (Sorbus aucuparia) as bioindicators of urban areas with various levels of pollution.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23043343     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In this investigation we focus on the concentration of elements in Viscum album and its host (Sorbus aucuparia) as bioindicators of urban pollution. These broadly widespread species, very common in polluted areas may provide important information to monitor environmental quality throughout the year, especially for V. album. Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn concentrations were measured in the leaves and soil of the tree S. aucuparia as well as in V. album, a semi-parasite living on this tree species. The tree and the semi-parasite were studied in the urban environment of Oława (SW Poland). This area was selected because of the influence of a zinc smelter on the level of metal pollution of soil and plants and to compare the ability of S. aucuparia and V. album to accumulate metals. V. album appeared to be a better bioaccumulator of Cd, Ni, Pb and Zn and a weaker accumulator of Co than S. aucuparia in less polluted sites of Oława. S. aucuparia was a better bioaccumulator of Cd, Ni, Pb and Zn and a weaker accumulator of Co than V. album in more polluted sites. Cluster analysis of Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mg, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn concentrations in plants distinguished sites with lower and higher pollution levels which suggests a possibility of using these species for bioindication. However, the ratio of metals in V. album to S. aucuparia was different depending on the pollution level.
Authors:
Krzysztof Kolon; Aleksandra Samecka-Cymerman; Agnieszka Klink; Alexander J Kempers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of environmental science and health. Part A, Toxic/hazardous substances & environmental engineering     Volume:  48     ISSN:  1532-4117     ISO Abbreviation:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-09     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812551     Medline TA:  J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  205-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
a Department of Ecology , Biogeochemistry and Environmental Protection Wrocław University , Wrocław , Poland.
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