Document Detail

Virtual and live social facilitation while exergaming: competitiveness moderates exercise intensity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22605365     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Grounded in social facilitation theory, this study compared the impact on exercise intensity of a virtual versus a live competitor, when riding a virtual reality-enhanced stationary bike ("cybercycle"). It was hypothesized that competitiveness would moderate effects. Twenty-three female college students were exposed to three conditions on a cybercycle: solo training, virtual competitor, and live competitor. After training without a competitor (solo condition for familiarization with equipment), participants competed against a virtual avatar or live rider (random order of presentation). A repeated-measures analysis revealed a significant condition (virtual/live) by competitiveness (high/low) interaction for exercise intensity (watts). More competitive participants exhibited significantly greater exercise intensity when competing against a live versus virtual competitor. The implication is that live competitors can have an added social facilitation effect and influence exercise intensity, although competitiveness moderates this effect.
Amanda L Snyder; Cay Anderson-Hanley; Paul J Arciero
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sport & exercise psychology     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1543-2904     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8809258     Medline TA:  J Sport Exerc Psychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  252-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Union College, Schenectady, NY.
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