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Viral transformation of epithelial cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23097122     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Approximately 18% of human cancers have a viral etiology and the majority of these involve transformation of epithelial cells. Viral proteins transform epithelia by inducing alterations in the normal cell growth and differentiation pathways through the targeting of host proteins. Among the DNA viruses responsible for causing carcinomas are the human papillomaviruses as well as several members of the herpes and polyomavirus families. A number of techniques have been developed to study the mechanisms by which viruses immortalize epithelial cells and alter differentiation properties. These methods include the generation of immortalized lines by transfection or infection as well as the use of organotypic raft cultures, suspension in methylcellulose, and treatment with high calcium levels to examine how differentiation is altered.
Jennifer A Regan; Laimonis A Laimins
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Methods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)     Volume:  945     ISSN:  1940-6029     ISO Abbreviation:  Methods Mol. Biol.     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9214969     Medline TA:  Methods Mol Biol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  449-65     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Microbiology-Immunology, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL, USA.
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