Document Detail

Viral diseases of wild and farmed European eel Anguilla anguilla with particular reference to the Netherlands.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23047193     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Diseases are an important cause of losses and decreased production rates in freshwater eel farming, and have been suggested to play a contributory role in the worldwide decline in wild freshwater eel stocks. Three commonly detected pathogenic viruses of European eel Anguilla anguilla are the aquabirnavirus eel virus European (EVE), the rhabdovirus eel virus European X (EVEX), and the alloherpesvirus anguillid herpesvirus 1 (AngHV1). In general, all 3 viruses cause a nonspecific haemorrhagic disease with increased mortality rates. This review provides an overview of the current knowledge on the aetiology, prevalence, clinical signs and gross pathology of these 3 viruses. Reported experimental infections showed the temperature dependency and potential pathogenicity of these viruses for eels and other fish species. In addition to the published literature, an overview of the isolation of pathogenic viruses from wild and farmed A. anguilla in the Netherlands during the past 2 decades is given. A total of 249 wild A. anguilla, 39 batches of glass eels intended for farming purposes, and 239 batches of farmed European eels were necropsied and examined virologically. AngHV1 was isolated from wild yellow and silver A. anguilla from the Netherlands from 1998 until the present, while EVEX was only found sporadically, and EVE was never isolated. In farmed A. anguilla AngHV1 was also the most commonly isolated virus, followed by EVE and EVEX.
Steven J van Beurden; Marc Y Engelsma; Ineke Roozenburg; Michal A Voorbergen-Laarman; Peter W van Tulden; Sonja Kerkhoff; Anton P van Nieuwstadt; Aart Davidse; Olga L M Haenen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Diseases of aquatic organisms     Volume:  101     ISSN:  0177-5103     ISO Abbreviation:  Dis. Aquat. Org.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807037     Medline TA:  Dis Aquat Organ     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  69-86     Citation Subset:  IM    
Central Veterinary Institute, Wageningen UR, PO Box 65, 8200 AB Lelystad, The Netherlands.
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