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Viral aetiology and clinical outcomes in hospitalised infants presenting with respiratory distress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24606114     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: To determine the prevalence of various types of viruses in infants hospitalised due to respiratory distress, compare molecular diagnostic tests and evaluate symptom severity METHODS: All 136 nasopharyngeal aspirates from infants hospitalised for respiratory distress over a nine-month period were analysed for virus type by in-house respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) polymerase chain reaction (PCR) microarray-based and/or Luminex-based multiplex molecular tests. Medical records were reviewed retrospectively for clinical data.
RESULTS: Viral aetiology was confirmed in 126 subjects (92.6%) with 26 infected by more than one virus. RSVA/B was the most common (50.9%), followed by entero/rhinovirus (21.6%), human metapneumovirus (10.5%), parainfluenza virus (5.9%) and influenza (3.3%). RSV-infected infants had significantly lower saturation levels (89.0% versus 92.0%, p<0.001), higher demand for oxygen (42.7% versus 21.6%, p=0.021) and fluids (28.0% versus 9.8%; p=0.014) and longer hospital stays (four versus three days, <0.001) than other viruses. Luminex assays gave repeatable, slightly less sensitive results than in-house RSV PCR. Microarray-based assays were more sensitive, however, producing some unrepeatable results.
CONCLUSION: RSV dominates as the viral cause in hospitalised infants with respiratory distress in Sweden during the winter season, resulting in a clinical course that is significantly more severe. The multiplex assays produced reasonably concordant results. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Authors:
Kathy Falkenstein-Hagander; Ann-Sofie Månsson; Johan Redmo; Percy Nilsson; Anders Widell
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-3-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta paediatrica (Oslo, Norway : 1992)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1651-2227     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Paediatr.     Publication Date:  2014 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-3-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9205968     Medline TA:  Acta Paediatr     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
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