Document Detail

Violence and injury mortality in the Cape Town metropole.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9137341     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To describe accurately the violence and injury mortality in a South African city and demonstrate the utility of secondary data sources to identify injury control priorities.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis of medicolegal laboratory (state mortuary), forensic and police data.
SETTING: Metropolitan Cape Town, 1994.
RESULTS: Non-natural causes (deaths due to homicide, suicide, accidents and undetermined causes) accounted for almost 4000 deaths, which comprised approximately 30% of all-cause mortality during 1994. The five main violence and injury mortality categories were: homicide (1789 cases; 46% of all non-natural mortality), transport accidents (1130 cases; 29% of all non-natural mortality), fire (295 deaths; 8% of all non-natural mortality), suicide (291 deaths; 7% of all non-natural mortality) and drowning (96 cases; 2% of all non-natural mortality).
CONCLUSIONS: Priority issues in injury control include the increasing homicidal and suicidal use of firearms, road and rail commuter injury and the spatial distribution of injury. Surveillance, based on non-natural mortality, should be included in local, regional and national health information systems.
L B Lerer; R G Matzopoulos; R Phillips
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde     Volume:  87     ISSN:  0256-9574     ISO Abbreviation:  S. Afr. Med. J.     Publication Date:  1997 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-06-27     Completed Date:  1997-06-27     Revised Date:  2014-09-12    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0404520     Medline TA:  S Afr Med J     Country:  SOUTH AFRICA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  298-301     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Child, Preschool
Cross-Sectional Studies
Homicide / statistics & numerical data
Infant, Newborn
Middle Aged
South Africa / epidemiology
Suicide / statistics & numerical data
Violence / statistics & numerical data*
Wounds and Injuries / mortality*
Comment In:
S Afr Med J. 1997 Mar;87(3):283-5   [PMID:  9137337 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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