Document Detail


Violence against women in Mexico: a study of abuse before and during pregnancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12835194     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: We identified the prevalence and types of violence experienced by pregnant women, the ways victimization changed during pregnancy from the year prior to pregnancy, and factors associated with violence during pregnancy.
METHODS: We interviewed 914 pregnant women treated in health clinics in Mexico about violence during and prior to pregnancy, violence during childhood and against their own children, and other socioeconomic indicators.
RESULTS: Approximately one quarter of the women experienced violence during pregnancy. The severity of emotional violence increased during pregnancy, whereas physical and sexual violence decreased. The strongest predictors of abuse were violence prior to pregnancy, low socioeconomic status, parental violence witnessed by women in childhood, and violence in the abusive partner's childhood. The probability of violence during pregnancy for women experiencing all of these factors was 61%.
CONCLUSIONS: Violence is common among pregnant women, but pregnancy does not appear to be an initiating factor. Intergenerational violence is highly predictive of violence during pregnancy.
Authors:
Roberto Castro; Corinne Peek-Asa; Agustin Ruiz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of public health     Volume:  93     ISSN:  0090-0036     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Public Health     Publication Date:  2003 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-01     Completed Date:  2003-08-06     Revised Date:  2013-06-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1254074     Medline TA:  Am J Public Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1110-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Regional Center of Multidisciplinary Research, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Cuernavaca. Morelos. rcastro@servidor.unam.mx
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Battered Women / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Child
Child Abuse / psychology
Crime Victims / psychology,  statistics & numerical data*
Female
Humans
Interviews as Topic
Mexico / epidemiology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Trimester, Third
Pregnant Women / psychology*
Prenatal Care / utilization
Prevalence
Probability
Risk Factors
Severity of Illness Index
Socioeconomic Factors
Spouse Abuse / classification,  statistics & numerical data*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R49 CCR 903622/CC/ODCDC CDC HHS
Comments/Corrections

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