Document Detail

Video game play, child diet, and physical activity behavior change a randomized clinical trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21146765     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Video games designed to promote behavior change are a promising venue to enable children to learn healthier behaviors.
PURPOSE: Evaluate outcome from playing "Escape from Diab" (Diab) and "Nanoswarm: Invasion from Inner Space" (Nano) video games on children's diet, physical activity, and adiposity.
DESIGN: Two-group RCT; assessments occurred at baseline, immediately after Diab, immediately after Nano, and 2 months later. Data were collected in 2008-2009, and analyses were conducted in 2009-2010.
SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: 133 children aged 10-12 years, initially between 50th percentile and 95th percentile BMI.
INTERVENTION: Treatment group played Diab and Nano in sequence. Control Group played diet and physical activity knowledge-based games on popular websites.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Servings of fruit, vegetable, and water; minutes of moderate to vigorous physical activity. At each point of assessment: 3 nonconsecutive days of 24-hour dietary recalls; 5 consecutive days of physical activity using accelerometers; and assessment of height, weight, waist circumference, and triceps skinfold.
RESULTS: A repeated measures ANCOVA was conducted (analyzed in 2009-2010). Children playing these video games increased fruit and vegetable consumption by about 0.67 servings per day (p<0.018) but not water and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, or body composition.
CONCLUSIONS: Playing Diab and Nano resulted in an increase in fruit and vegetable intake. Research is needed on the optimal design of video game components to maximize change.
Tom Baranowski; Janice Baranowski; Debbe Thompson; Richard Buday; Russ Jago; Melissa Juliano Griffith; Noemi Islam; Nga Nguyen; Kathleen B Watson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  40     ISSN:  1873-2607     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  2011-03-25     Revised Date:  2013-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  33-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. All rights reserved.
U.S. Department of Agriculture/Agricultural Research Service Children's Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030-2600, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Diet / psychology*
Health Promotion / methods*
Video Games / psychology*
Grant Support
5 U44 DK66724-01/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS; U44 DK066724-04/DK/NIDDK NIH HHS

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