Document Detail


Vibrotactile thresholds at the sole of the foot: Effect of vibration frequency and contact location.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22115026     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Studies of vibration perception in the glabrous skin of the human hand have identified four mechanoreceptor channels, with each channel showing characteristic variations in thresholds with variations in the frequency of vibration and the area of vibration excitation. To advance understanding of the channels mediating vibration perception on the sole of the foot, this study determined how thresholds depend on the frequency of vibration, the location on the foot (the big toe, the ball of the foot, and the heel), and the gap between a vibrating probe and a fixed surround. Thresholds at the three locations were obtained at the 12 preferred one-third octave centre frequencies from 20 to 250 Hz using a 6-mm diameter probe with both a 10-mm and a 20-mm diameter surround. With the 10-mm surround, the displacement thresholds at all three locations showed flat responses from 20 to 40 Hz. With both the 10-mm and the 20-mm surround, the displacement thresholds at the three locations showed "U-shaped" responses from 40 to 250 Hz. Relative to thresholds obtained with the 20-mm surround, thresholds obtained with the 10-mm surround were lower at the toe and the heel with 20- and 25-Hz vibration, but higher at the ball of the foot with 31.5- to 250-Hz vibration. It is concluded that absolute thresholds for the perception of vibration at the sole of the foot show important variations with location and with contact conditions and tend to be mediated by the NP I channel in the range from about 20 to 40 Hz and the P channel from about 40 to 250 Hz.
Authors:
Cheng Gu; Michael J Griffin
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Somatosensory & motor research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1369-1651     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904127     Medline TA:  Somatosens Mot Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Human Factors Research Unit, Institute of Sound and Vibration Research, University of Southampton , Southampton , UK.
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