Document Detail


Vibrational modes of GaN nanowires in the gigahertz range.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23149629     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Brillouin-light-scattering measurements and finite-element modeling of vibrational spectra in the range of 5-40 GHz are presented for an array of monocrystalline GaN nanowires with hexagonal cross sections. Analysis of the spectra is substantially complicated by the presence of a distribution of nanowire diameters. The measurements and calculations reveal a variety of modes with simple flexural, higher-order flexural, approximately 'plane-strain', approximately longitudinal and torsional displacement patterns that are similar to the corresponding modes of isotropic cylinders. The largest peaks in the spectra with acoustic angular wavenumbers in the range of 4 to ∼15 μm(-1) were determined to arise from modes with relatively large transverse displacements, consistent with inelastic light scattering arising predominantly from surface ripple. These dominant modes have finite frequencies in the limit of zero wavenumber, corresponding to transverse standing waves. At higher wavenumbers, the spectra provide evidence for increased scattering through elasto-optic coupling, especially with respect to the emergence of a peak from a mode analogous to the longitudinal guided modes of thin films.
Authors:
W L Johnson; S A Kim; R Geiss; C M Flannery; K A Bertness; P R Heyliger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nanotechnology     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1361-6528     ISO Abbreviation:  Nanotechnology     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101241272     Medline TA:  Nanotechnology     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  495709     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Applied Chemicals and Materials Division, National Institute of Standards and Technology, 325 Broadway, Boulder, CO 80305, USA.
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