Document Detail


Vibration therapy accelerates healing of Stage I pressure ulcers in older adult patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20562541     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated whether vibration therapy using a vibrator could facilitate the healing of Stage I pressure ulcers (PrUs) in older adults. METHODS: The study had a nonrandomized, blinded, controlled design. The subjects were hospital patients in long-term-care facilities with Stage I PrUs. In the experimental group, a vibrator (RelaWave; Matsuda Micronics Corp, Chiba, Japan) was used to apply vibration (frequency: 47 Hz; time: 10 seconds; amplitude modulation cycle: 15 seconds) for 15 minutes 3 times a day for up to 7 days, until Stage I PrUs healed. Apart from the vibration therapy, the experimental and control groups received the same care, which was provided according to PrU care guidelines. The number of healed ulcers was compared between 2 groups. RESULTS: The experimental group consisted of 16 patients with 20 Stage I PrUs; the control group consisted of 15 patients with 21 Stage I PrUs. In the experimental group, 8 (40.0%) PrUs healed; in the control group, 2 (9.5%) PrUs healed. The number of healed ulcers was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (P = .033). The healing rate during the study period was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group (P = .018, logrank test). The hazard ratio adjusted for baseline risk factors was 0.031 (95% confidence intervals: 0.002-0.594, P = .021). The mean relative changes per day in wound area and intensity of redness were significantly greater in the experimental group than in the control group (P = .007, and P = .023, respectively). CONCLUSION: Based on these results, the use of the vibrator may facilitate the healing of Stage I PrUs.
Authors:
Midori Arashi; Junko Sugama; Hiromi Sanada; Chizuko Konya; Mayumi Okuwa; Gojiro Nakagami; Ayumi Inoue; Keiko Tabata
Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Advances in skin & wound care     Volume:  23     ISSN:  1538-8654     ISO Abbreviation:  Adv Skin Wound Care     Publication Date:  2010 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-06-21     Completed Date:  2010-08-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100911021     Medline TA:  Adv Skin Wound Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  321-7     Citation Subset:  N    
Affiliation:
Kanazawa University, Ishikawa, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Bandages
Combined Modality Therapy
Female
Humans
Japan
Male
Pressure Ulcer / therapy*
Regression Analysis
Severity of Illness Index*
Single-Blind Method
Skin Care / methods
Treatment Outcome
Vibration / therapeutic use*
Wound Healing*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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