Document Detail


Vestibular rehabilitation in elderly patients with central vestibular dysfunction: a prospective, randomized pilot study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23179254     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
For the vestibular system, aging is associated with degenerated otoconia and loss of hair cells, vestibular afferents, and cells in the vestibular nuclei. Further neurodegenerative processes involve cortical, extrapyramidal motor, and cerebellar structures. Dizziness is quite common in the elderly, limiting their mobility and activities. The role of vestibular rehabilitation in these patients is controversial. The present prospective, randomized, preliminary investigation aimed to compare the effect of a 6-week posturography-assisted vestibular rehabilitation protocol (30 min a week) combined with a home-based exercise program (group A, 14 randomly assigned elderly patients) with the same home-based exercise program alone (group B, 14 randomly assigned elderly patients) for treating dizziness due to central vestibular dysfunction in elderly patients. The outcomes were analyzed using the 25-item Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and computerized posturography. After rehabilitation, group A scored significantly better in the DHI for the functional (p = 0.0016) and emotional (p = 0.01) domains and total score (p = 0.001); only the emotional domain improved significantly in group B (p = 0.038). Group A improved significantly in some posturographic parameters in the motor tests (reaction time, movement velocity, and endpoint excursion), while group B experienced more limited improvements. Our preliminary results with a program of posturography-assisted vestibular rehabilitation, and home-based exercises are more promising than with home-based exercises alone. A new study on a larger series of elderly patients with central vestibular dysfunctions is currently underway at Padova University, considering the effect of a protocol involving rehabilitation with computerized posturography alone and the relationship between outcomes and the duration of rehabilitation programs.
Authors:
Gino Marioni; Salvatore Fermo; Marco Lionello; Elena Fasanaro; Luciano Giacomelli; Stefania Zanon; Claudia Staffieri; Franco Dall'igna; Enzo Manzato; Alberto Staffieri
Related Documents :
24316504 - Modifying behaviour to reduce over-speeding in work-related drivers: an objective appro...
22362874 - Long-term outcomes of pandemic 2009 influenza a (h1n1)-associated severe acute respirat...
21217074 - Progressive handgrip exercise: evidence of nitric oxide-dependent vasodilation and bloo...
9255234 - Exercise and growth hormone: does one affect the other?
9338084 - Times to exhaustion at 90, 100 and 105% of velocity at vo2 max (maximal aerobic speed) ...
22590474 - Exercise and early-onset alzheimer's disease: theoretical considerations.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-22
Journal Detail:
Title:  Age (Dordrecht, Netherlands)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1574-4647     ISO Abbreviation:  Age (Dordr)     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101250497     Medline TA:  Age (Dordr)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Neurosciences, Otolaryngology Section, University of Padova, Via Giustiniani 2, 35128, Padova, Italy, gino.marioni@unipd.it.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Dietary fat modifies mitochondrial and plasma membrane apoptotic signaling in skeletal muscle of cal...
Next Document:  Cardiovascular risk factors and cognitive decline in adults aged 50 and over: a population-based coh...