Document Detail

Vesicles Released by Activated T Cells Induce Both Fas-Mediated RIP-Dependent Apoptotic and Fas-Independent Nonapoptotic Cell Deaths.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22891283     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Activated T cells secrete Fas ligand (FasL)-containing vesicles (secreted vesicles) that induce death of target cells. We provide evidence that secreted vesicles from culture supernatants (Csup) of various origins are able to generate both Fas-dependent apoptotic and Fas-independent, nonapoptotic cell death. In the absence of Fas, the nonapoptotic, Fas-independent pathway could still induce cell death. In contrast to RIP-independent classical Fas-induced cell death triggered by cross-linked or membrane-bound FasL, CSup-derived stimuli-induced apoptosis exhibited unique molecular and enzymatic characteristics. It could be partially inhibited by blocking cathepsin D enzyme activity and required the presence of RIP. Whereas stimulation with CSup, derived from both FasL-overexpressing Jurkat cells and PBMC, could induce cell death, the requirements for Fas-associated death domain protein and caspase-9 were different between the two systems. Our study highlights an important distinction between cell contact-mediated and secreted vesicle-generated activation-induced cell death and also demonstrates that the type of the secreted vesicles can also modify the cell death route. We propose that besides cell-to-cell interaction-mediated Fas triggering, stimuli induced by secreted vesicles can mediate important additional cell death signals regulating activation-induced cell death under physiological conditions.
Gábor Koncz; Anikó Hancz; Krittalak Chakrabandhu; Péter Gogolák; Krisztina Kerekes; Eva Rajnavölgyi; Anne-Odile Hueber
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1550-6606     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Immunol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985117R     Medline TA:  J Immunol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Immunology Research Group, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, University Eötvös Lorand, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary;
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