Document Detail

Very low food security predicts obesity predominantly in California Hispanic men and women.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22463949     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: A high prevalence of food insecurity has persisted in the USA for the past two decades. Previous studies suggest that the association between food insecurity and obesity may vary by gender and race/ethnicity. We examined whether food insecurity was associated with BMI and obesity within gender and racial/ethnic groups in a large, diverse sample of low-income adults.
DESIGN: A cross-sectional analysis of a large population-based health survey. We compared the distribution of BMI and obesity by food security levels within gender and racial/ethnic categories.
SETTING: Data were derived from the 2003-2009 waves of the California Health Interview Survey.
SUBJECTS: The study sample included 35 747 non-elderly adults with households ≤200 % of the federal poverty level.
RESULTS: Among Hispanic men, very low food security was associated with a 1.0 kg/m2 higher BMI (95 % CI 0.3, 1.7 kg/m2) and a 36 % higher prevalence of obesity (95 % CI 17, 58 %) after multivariate adjustment. Among Hispanic women, very low food security was associated with a 1.1 kg/m2 higher BMI (95 % CI 0.4, 1.9 kg/m2) and a 22 % higher prevalence of obesity (95 % CI 8, 38 %). Positive associations were also observed for Asian women and multi-racial men. No significant associations were observed for non-Hispanic whites, African Americans, Asian men or multi-racial women.
CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the association of food insecurity and obesity is limited to individuals of certain low-income, minority racial/ethnic groups. Whether targeted interventions to address food insecurity in these individuals may also decrease obesity risk deserves further investigation.
Cindy W Leung; David R Williams; Eduardo Villamor
Related Documents :
15234169 - Reduction in labile copper in the 7-day ceriodaphnia dubia toxicity test due to the int...
17867869 - Acute silver toxicity in the euryhaline copepod acartia tonsa: influence of salinity an...
16917699 - Toxicity testing of leachate from waste landfills using medaka (oryzias latipes) for mo...
2092409 - The toxic factor in white snakeroot: identity, analysis and prevention.
19890549 - Arsenic speciation in japanese rice drinks and condiments.
17336439 - Arsenic in seaweed--forms, concentration and dietary exposure.
15501309 - Effects of amphetamine, dexfenfluramine, and diazepam on responding during extinction i...
9183509 - Cue reactivity to food- and body-related stimuli in restrained and unrestrained eaters.
12908739 - Nutritionally enhanced rice to combat malnutrition disorders of the poor.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2012-04-02
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-20     Completed Date:  2013-04-23     Revised Date:  2013-12-06    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2228-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
African Americans
Asian Continental Ancestry Group
Body Mass Index*
California / ethnology
Continental Population Groups*
Cross-Sectional Studies
Diet / economics,  ethnology*,  standards
European Continental Ancestry Group
Food Supply* / economics
Health Surveys
Hispanic Americans
Middle Aged
Minority Groups*
Obesity / economics,  ethnology*,  etiology
Sex Factors
Young Adult
Grant Support
5 T32 CA009001-35/CA/NCI NIH HHS; T32 CA009001/CA/NCI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Effect of vegetative filter strips on herbicide runoff under various types of rainfall.
Next Document:  Key questions and answers about pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A.