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Very low and low birth weight associated with maternal periodontitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22994882     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of very low and low birth weight (VLBW and LBW) with maternal periodontitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Overall, 1206 women were examined at post-partum and two alternative criteria for periodontitis definition were used: (1) four or more teeth with at least one site with probing depth (PD) ≥4 mm and clinical attachment loss (CAL) ≥3 mm; and (2) at least one site with PD and CAL ≥4 mm. For each definition, two multivariate analyses were performed: (1) linear regression for birth weight; (2) ordinal logistic regression for birth weight, categorized as adequate (n = 1046), LBW (n = 145) and VLBW (n = 15). RESULTS: Linear regression showed that maternal periodontitis was associated with a decrease in mean birth weight (periodontitis definition 1: p = 0.027; periodontitis definition 2: p = 0.003). Ordinal logistic regression showed that maternal periodontitis was associated with LBW and VLBW [odds ratio (OR) = 2.0; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.39-2.90, when considering periodontitis definition 2]; and with LBW (OR = 1.65; 95% CI 1.15-2.36, when considering periodontitis definition 1). CONCLUSION: Maternal periodontitis was associated with a decrease in mean birth weight, as well as with LBW and VLBW.
Authors:
Alessandra N Guimarães; Agustín Silva-Mato; Fernanda M Siqueira; Renata M Cyrino; Luís O M Cota; Fernando O Costa
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of clinical periodontology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1600-051X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Clin. Periodontol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0425123     Medline TA:  J Clin Periodontol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
Affiliation:
Department of Health and Socio-Medical Sciences, Biostatistics Unit, Faculty of Medicine, Alcalá University, Madrid, Spain.
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