Document Detail

Very high residual volumes should not prevent transurethral resection of the prostate being offered to men presenting with urinary retention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25012873     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract Objective.The aim of this study was to identify factors at presentation that can help to predict outcomes and guide subsequent management decisions in patients with acute on chronic retention. Material and methods. The medical notes of 187 consecutive patients presenting with urinary retention at two teaching hospitals between 2008 and 2009 were reviewed. All patients were followed up for a minimum of 3 years. All patients were catheterized at presentation. The majority then underwent one or more of trial without catheter (TWOC), transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) (both considered successful if the patient voided with a subsequent postvoid residual volume of <200 ml on three successive occasions) or long-term catheterization. Patient factors such as age, associated acute kidney injury (AKI), performance status, residual volume, prior lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), treatment of LUTS, diagnosis of diabetes and neuropathy were recorded. Results.Increasing age (p = 0.002) and increasing residual volume (p = 0.046) were associated with a significant increase in the failure of TWOC. The rate of AKI increased significantly with residual volume (p < 0.0001). As residual volume increased so did the likelihood that a patient would undergo TURP (p = 0.0009). Age did not appear to influence the outcome of TURP (p = 0.17). Increasing residual volume did not significantly reduce the likelihood of successful TURP (p = 0.068). Conclusions.High residual volumes should not preclude TURP. There is a clear correlation between AKI and residual volume. Increasing age and residual volume both reduce the likelihood of successful TWOC.
William Green; Nick Campain; Amjad Peracha; Hari Ratan; Thomas Walton; Richard Parkinson
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of urology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  2168-1813     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Urol     Publication Date:  2014 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101587186     Medline TA:  Scand J Urol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-5     Citation Subset:  -    
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