Document Detail

Vertebral artery thrombosis and subsequent stroke following attempted internal jugular central venous catheterization.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22754124     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Complications arising from internal jugular venous catheterization are uncommon. Injury to the carotid artery is reported as one of the more common injuries. Vertebral artery injuries are rare and include pseudoaneurysm formation, arteriovenous fistulas, lacerations, and dissection with thrombus formation. Occasionally, such injuries initially go unnoticed and have the potential to cause catastrophic outcomes, leaving clinicians and families wondering what transpired. A thorough autopsy can not only help discern the cause of death, but also help to bring closure to the family. Here we present a case of an unexpected death 3 days following surgery for idiopathic scoliosis in a 17-year-old male. During the surgical procedure, a right internal jugular venous catheterization was attempted but aborted after several failed tries. Twenty-four hours after the procedure, the patient became obtunded and progressed to brain death. At autopsy, he was found to have a right transmural vertebral artery puncture wound with thrombosis leading to a massive posterior circulatory stroke.
Michael J Van Vrancken; Joseph Guileyardo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center)     Volume:  25     ISSN:  0899-8280     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent)     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9302033     Medline TA:  Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  240-2     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Pathology, Baylor University Medical Center at Dallas.
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