Document Detail

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis in Nigerians: 109 consecutive cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  14620434     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Vernal keratoconjunctivitis was the most common conjunctival disease seen over a 2 year period (January 1997-December 1998) at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. One hundred and nine consecutive patients were seen with vernal keratoconjunctivitis. There was a male to female ratio of 1:1.3. The age range of the patients was 5 months to 38 years with a mean age of 15.5 +/- 8.3 years (SD). Of the patients 54.1% were children. Itching was the most common symptom, followed by redness, tearing, aching eye and photophobia. Ninety patients (82.6%) had predominantly tarsal papillae, while the others had mixed and limbal papillae. A history of atopic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis was present in only five patients (4.5%). There was no patient with corneal ulcer or scarring. Although the complications were few, health education of the patients about the dangers of self medication with steroids should be emphasized.
Catherine U Ukponmwan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Tropical doctor     Volume:  33     ISSN:  0049-4755     ISO Abbreviation:  Trop Doct     Publication Date:  2003 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-11-17     Completed Date:  2003-12-12     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1301706     Medline TA:  Trop Doct     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  242-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Ophthalmology, School of Medicine, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, PMB 1154, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.
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MeSH Terms
Age Distribution
Child, Preschool
Conjunctivitis, Allergic / epidemiology*,  etiology
Medical Records
Nigeria / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Sex Distribution

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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